Crack Cocaine Addiction

The Family Place treats men, women, and pregnant mothers with substance use disorders (SUDs) involving crack cocaine. If you or a loved one live with the effects of crack cocaine addiction, you are not alone. The expert clinicians at our facility can help. We offer trauma-focused treatment that includes comprehensive, evidence-based therapies and an intimate family-like environment where you can recover from substance misuse. 

Crack Cocaine Addiction

What Is Crack Cocaine? 

Crack cocaine is a concentrated form of cocaine created by mixing cocaine and water with baking soda, ammonia, or other substances. Crack cocaine is dried and broken up into smaller “rocks.” Crack cocaine is one of the most potent forms of the drug. People smoke it to achieve a temporary euphoric high, followed by a severe “drop” that can leave addicted individuals depressed, suicidal, and suffering from physical symptoms. 

According to the National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC), “In addition to the usual risks associated with cocaine use (constricted blood vessels; increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure; and risk of cardiac arrest and seizure), crack users may experience acute respiratory problems, including coughing, shortness of breath, and lung trauma and bleeding.” Crack cocaine misuse can quickly lead to dependency, addiction, and the development of serious health side effects.

Possible Signs of Addiction 

The misuse of crack cocaine and other drugs can damage personal, professional, and social relationships. However, sometimes it can be challenging to spot the warning signs of addiction. Often they overlap with the symptoms of co-occurring mental health disorders. 

Common signs that someone may be addicted to crack cocaine include:

  • Sudden hyperactivity, including faster talking, more aggressive movements, and changes in energy 
  • The presence of crack paraphernalia or the drug itself
  • Temporary extreme highs in energy followed by prolonged exhaustion 
  • Changes to sleep patterns 
  • Issues with oral health including bleeding, gum recession, and tooth decay 
  • Flu-like symptoms like diarrhea and fever

The mood swings and unnatural aggression can cause strain on interpersonal relationships and lead to legal problems and difficulties at work or school. Crack cocaine misuse can also cause health issues that affect the brain and other symptoms.

Side Effects of Crack Cocaine Addiction

Misusing any addictive substance can lead to significant mental and physical side effects. Crack cocaine is incredibly potent, making the effects potentially more deadly. In addition to affecting mood and behaviors, crack cocaine misuse also causes damage to the body. Some of the possible long-term psychological issues people can experience include: 

  • Psychosis
  • Confusion
  • Paranoia
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Hallucinations

Cocaine significantly impacts parts of the brain that affect behavioral responses. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), “Cocaine increases levels of the natural chemical messenger dopamine in brain circuits related to the control of movement and reward.” Cocaine causes a buildup of dopamine in the body; combined with other side effects, this can lead to short-term and long-term health problems, including: 

  • Kidney and liver damage 
  • Heart issues like high blood pressure, increased risk of heart attacks, and arrhythmia 
  • Changes to the brain that increase the risk of stroke 

Even a single instance of crack cocaine misuse can be fatal, and the drug is hazardous when mixed with other substances like alcohol.

Common Co-Occurring Disorders

SUDs involving crack cocaine often co-occur with mental health disorders. According to research published in The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, “Depression and anxiety were the most common disorders, and more than a third had two or more probable disorders.” In addition, “Close to 70% reported using alcohol.” The Family Place offers holistic and trauma-focused therapy that ensures our clients’ well-being during the rehabilitation process. Some of the co-occurring disorders we treat include: 

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) 
  • Social anxiety 

The side effects of crack cocaine misuse can increase the severity of some mental health disorders. We treat all conditions simultaneously to ensure clients get the support they need to heal fully.

Treatments for Crack Cocaine Addiction 

The Family Place offers multiple levels of care for individuals recovering from crack cocaine addiction, including partial hospitalization (PHP), intensive outpatient (IOP), outpatient (OP), and sober living programs. All of our programs offer clients access to the following:

  • Individual and group psychotherapy
  • Family therapy 
  • Mindfulness-based therapies
  • Holistic treatments like art or music therapy 
  • Nutritional meals
  • Skill development
  • Peer support 

We personalize treatment plans and use integrative care to ensure clients receive the necessary tools to maintain emotional stability. Every client has a case manager to advocate for them and track their progress during rehabilitation. The case manager will also ensure that clients smoothly transition from our treatment programs to aftercare services. 

Aftercare Planning and Continuing Sobriety 

Recovery does not end after completing a rehabilitation program. The Family Place provides continuing support to alumni and individuals transitioning out of our programs. Several ways we ensure clients have the tools they need to maintain their sobriety include: 

  • Providing referrals to therapy, doctor offices, or other treatment programs 
  • Connecting clients with community-based self-help groups and 12-Step groups 
  • Helping clients locate and apply for housing, financial, and job placement services

Continuing care is essential to recovery from crack cocaine addiction. Our clients collaborate with their case manager and clinical team to create a comprehensive, personalized aftercare plan. The symptoms of SUD and related mental health conditions often require long-term community-based support to decrease the risk of relapse. 

The Family Place provides high-quality services and evidence-based treatments to help clients struggling with crack-cocaine addiction achieve and maintain long-term recovery. Learn more about our programs by calling us today at 1-800-501-7796.

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